The Earth’s average temperature has been increasing since the mid-20th century. Scientists believe the global warming is caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases from the burning of fossil fuel and deforestation. Opponents propose the Earth’s global climate naturally fluctuates.
The elevated temperature will cause sea levels to rise due to melting glaciers, change the pattern of precipitation as well as the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, species extinctions, and will affect agriculture.
Solutions include reducing emissions to remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere.
While there is a scientific consensus is that global climate change is occurring, the political and public debate continues.